The history of nishijin
1870:
Nishijin Textile Company founded with 30,000 yen received from the government in order to encourage industry.

1872:
Tsuneshichi Sakura, lhee lnoue, and Chushichi Yoshida go to Lyon, Frence in order to learn European weaving technology.

1873:
Sakura and lnoue bring jacquard back to Nishijin form France.

1877:
Nishijin Textile Group started.

1883:
Nishijin Textile Association established.

1893:
Nishijin Textile Industry Production Association assembled.

1898:
Nishijin Textile Trade Association first established. Around this time modernization of the Nishijin textile industry takes place.

1915:
Nishijin Textile Hall opened.

1918:
First Nishijin Textile Competition held.

1964:
Exhibition of Nishijin Textiles held in New York.

1972:
Project for 100th Anniversary of the Introduction of Jacquard to Japan takes place.

1973:
Nishijin Textile Industry Association established.

1976:
Nishijin Textile Center completed.

1979:
Exhibition of Nishijin Textiles held in Paris.

1983:
100th Anniversary of the establishment of the Nishijin Textile Association.

Toward the end of the Edo Period, Japan suffered a succession of disastrous harvests, leading to a sharp decline in the demand for luxury fabrics. And when Japan's capital was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo in 1869, Nishijin weaving seemed threatened with extinction. While these events certainly enfeebled the weaving industry, not to mention the entire Kyoto economy, the Nishijin weavers showed an amazing resilience and spirit in preserving their craft.
Observers were sent to Europe to study the textile industry there, and advanced Western weaving technology and equipment were introduced. By the 1890's, only 20years after the shift of the capital, the Nishijin weavers had fully adapted modern technology to their ancient art, and the industry began to grow again, along with Japan's new capitalist economy. Through adopting modern technology, the Nishijin weavers were able to create a stable business in inexpensive machine-woven fabrics for everyday use that supported the production of the elaborate and luxurious hand-woven fabrics that are the purest expression of the Nishijin style.
Today, standing in the center of Nishijin, the clacking of looms can be heard all around. The vitality of this district is a testament to the pride and dedication of Nishijin weavers through the ages, and symbolic of the importa nt place that Nishijin occupies in the hearts of Kyoto people.


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